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Thesis in English 2024

ARCHITECTURE AND TECHNOLOGY

  1. The avant-garde proclaimed: Down with Art. Long live technic. Religion is a lie. Art is a lie. Kill human thinking’s last remains by tying it to Art. Down with guarding the traditions of Art. And this is where technology comes in, which can introduce materials with higher strength and better properties into construction. This enables us to construct buildings differently than before, which once seemed unrealistic. What the early 20th century expressionists proposed is beginning to surround us and is now made possible owing to technology. This may, of course, be another blind alley of architecture, as such construction is becoming something ordinary and even slowly repetitive. Therefore, we need another technological novelty for the next generation of architects to discover our unknown art.
  2. It is not known whether steel and concrete are necessary for the existence of architecture, but without the discovery of their application possibilities, the world around us would definitely look different. The Eiffel Tower illustrates how technology can create something new – novelty architecture. The advertising value of the building was combined with its technological novelty and beauty. Perhaps Henry van de Velde was right when he said that the beauty an engineer achieves is due to the fact that they are not aware of the search. There are beautiful things constructed that were not created by architects. We have beautiful bridges, viaducts and water towers that appear in books on architecture.
  3. The Romantic poet wrote: Feeling and faith speak more clearly to me / Than the lenses and eye of the sage. Complete freedom and the absence of memorized rules of composition in an architect’s work can only result from consultation with designers and building material technologists, who count and weigh everything. Architects may think they can avoid considering gravity and the laws of nature. However, such theoretical works were already created in the early 20th century, for lack of technical feasibility, only on paper. Nowadays, everything has to be studied with computers, which have become as indispensable as perspective drawing.
  4. Once a symbol of ugliness and the expression of a hateful ideology, the anti-aircraft towers in Vienna are now becoming mere sculptures in the green. Concrete technology has rendered them impossible to remove and over time they have been able to merge into the city’s landscape. The contemporary donjons are stripped of their original function, which can give them the status of works of art. This allows the viewers to detach themselves from the morally repugnant original purpose and admire them with peace of mind and without remorse. It can certainly no longer be called a guilty pleasure.
  5. New insights are emerging in architecture, seeking to break the habitual perceptions of the form of a building and the style in which it should be built. Technology is creating new opportunities, opening up new horizons for artists. Construction can finally free itself from the representation of boring everyday life and common shapes. There appears a new purpose of the work: astonishment and absolute novelty. However, unlike in Expressionism, it is no longer linked to new social ideas. It is pure commercialism, intended to please a new mass audience, uneducated, but no less demanding in its expectations. After all, architecture should not only be a technological creation, but also a work of art.
  6. Thus, we are certain that we can derive pleasure not only from the actual construction, but also from the very design, sketch, drawing. Nowadays, perhaps even from the computer visualization, so useful in discussions between the architect and the investor, who, after all, does not need to understand the technical aspects of design. It is not original ideas either that win architectural competitions, but computer visualisations that appeal to both the jury and the public. Technology can deceive our senses, and we are very happy with that.